Preventing and controlling diseases is a key for ensuring socio-economic development of a given country and primarily it is a mandate of every government to protect its citizens from communicable and non-communicable diseases alike. If countries work in ensuring healthy people, there is no question about their productive workforces and productiveness as well as overall socio-economic development. Conversely, it is impossible to have productive workforce and ensure socio-economic development in countries stricken by toll of diseases of public health concerns.
Appreciating the need for effective prevention and control of diseases, therefore, countries have put in place different organizations mandated for planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluation of activities targeted towards protection of people from public health problems. For the same reason, the Federal Ministry of Health of Ethiopia has established Diseases Prevention and Control Directorate (DPCD), which is mandated for prevention and control of both communicable and non-communicable diseases.
The Vision of DPCD is to see healthy and productive citizens who can actively engage in socio-economic development of the country.
The Mission of DPCD is to reduce morbidity, mortality and disability due to communicable, non-communicable diseases, and mental health problems and improve the health status of the Ethiopian people through providing a comprehensive package of promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative health service via a decentralized heath system.
DPCD has the following two main Goals:
- To end major communicable diseases by 2030
- To prevent avoidable non-communicable diseases and mental illness in Ethiopia
In order to discharge its responsibilities, DPCD has got the following six Programmatic Teams:
- HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control
- Tuberculosis and Leprosy Prevention and Control
- Malaria Control and Elimination
- Mental Health and Mental Disorders
- Neglected Tropical Diseases Prevention and Control
- Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases
Major Roles and Responsibilities:
- Give overall guidance for prevention and control of communicable, non-communicable diseases and mental health problems.
- Develop strategies, guidelines and implementation manuals for prevention and control of communicable, non-communicable diseases, and mental health and mental disorders.
- Conduct advocacy on communicable disease, NCDs and mental health disorders and their risk factors to increase the awareness and commitment of policy makers, health managers and health care workers. Promote healthy lifestyles, reducing risk factors and providing integrated evidenced-based innovative and cost effective public health and clinical interventions.
- Creation of public awareness; improve survival by early recognition; improve diagnosis, treatment, and care; promote surveillance, registration, and research; foster partnership, collaboration, and innovation; integration; and promotion of community involvement and participation.
- Strengthen national capacity for communicable and non-communicable risk factors surveillance and research for prevention and control of the diseases.
- Strengthen international cooperation and advocacy to raise the priority accorded to prevention and control of both communicable and non-communicable diseases in the development agenda and in internationally agreed development goals.
- Develop funding proposals for mobilization of financial resources for prevention and control of communicable, non-communicable diseases and mental health disorders.
- Coordinate the efforts of bilateral and multilateral organizations, and community at large in jointly working to combat disease burden and to achieve the set program specific objectives and sustainable development goals (SDGs).
- Strong national capacity for prevention and control of diseases: This is achieved through availing sound strategies, guidelines and expanding quality integrated health care, standardised training courses, optimal infrastructure and sustainable supply of medication.
- Envisioning & sustaining progress: This is achieved through identifying and availing adequate resources required for long-term implementation of appropriate interventions; and empowering individuals, families and population at large to promote their health, help protect themselves from risk factors and create enabling conditions that would facilitate target audiences to advance public health.
- Evidence-based decision making: establish and strengthen information systems, evidence and research for prevention and control of disease.
- Effective partnership, team building, and coordination: will be ascertained through the involvement of partners at various levels in the development, planning, and implementation of interventions. The coordination forums and activities will be based on clear definition and understanding of roles, responsibilities, and mandates.