Ethics and Anticorruption

The Ethiopian Civil Service was poorly organised and inefficient in many areas and to improve efficiency and effectiveness within the public sector, the Government launched a reform programme in 1994 in five sub-areas:

  • Top Management
  • Expenditure Management and Control
  • Human Resources
  • Service Delivery
  • Ethics

Ethics sub-reform programme is, one of the Government priorities, aimed at promoting ethics and fighting corruption through various activities and restructuring programmes. Therefore, The Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission was established both at the federal and regional levels, and ethics officers are assigned in these ethics liaison units of  public service institutions. In this view, the ethics unit was established within the Federal Ministry of Health in 2004 to work in collaboration with appropriate offices and directorates to craft ways of improving the governance and service delivery of the Ministry. Moreover, the Office advises the management and administration bodies to promote ethics and strengthen sense of respectivelity and good conduct at a work place. In the context of public service, the following 12 values/principles have been defined for the preparation of code of ethical practices that apply to the public sector.

Principles of Public Service Ethics

  • Integrity – exhibit the highest standards of professional competence and private conduct
  • Loyalty – show dedication to uphold the constitution and the laws as well as trust to discharge duties by fellow public officers
  • Transparency – be as open as possible about decisions and justify action
  • Confidentiality – refrain from disclosing private or confidential information
  • Honesty – be sincere and free from deceit, fraud or corruption and promises
  • Accountability – be responsible for decisions and actions
  • Serving the Interest of the Public – make decisions and act solely in the interest of the general public
  • Exercise Legitimate Authority – exercise legitimate power and authority within the office without abuse
  • Impartiality – make decisions and take actions in a fair and equitable manner
  • Respecting the Law – obey the law and comply with enactments, proclamations or directives appropriate for duties and as instructed by the relevant authority
  • Responsiveness – listen and respond to the needs of stakeholders in a timely, respectful manner
  • Leadership – promote and support these principles by taking the lead and setting examples

Major Objectives

  • Ensure the implementation of Civil Service Reform Programme by educating both the Ministry's employees and its clients to   develop ethical and anti-corruption skills
  • Rollout ethics and anti-corruption education

Major Duties and Responsibilities

  • Prepare and implement appropriate ethics guideline
  • Educate employees to develop ethics and corruption prevention skills
  • Establish surveillance system to monitor work process vulnerable to corruption and impropriety
  • Organise various discussion sessions or forums to encourage both employees and clients
  • Prepare various posters and leaflets promoting professional ethics and anti-corruption messages