The Nutrition case team is within the Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (RMNCH) directorate of MOH. The Nutrition case team was established with the aim of coordinating and guiding nutrition-specific interventions being implemented by the decentralized FMOH structures and supporting the coordination of nutrition-sensitive interventions being implemented by National Nutrition Programme (NNP) implementing sectors in the country. The nutrition case team works closely with other case teams of the MCH directorate, other directorates and agencies/ authorities of FMOH, and other NNP implementing sectors.
The nutrition case team works to deliver the directions and objectives of the food and nutrition policy of Ethiopia. The national food and nutrition policy endorsed by the council of ministers in 2018 has
Vision: To see all Ethiopians with optimal nutritional status, quality of life, productivity, and longevity of life.
Mission: We strive to ensure food and nutrition security through the coordinated implementation of nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions.
Goal: To attain optimal nutritional status at all stages of life at a level that is consistent with a high quality of life, productivity, and longevity of life.
By creating an enabling policy environment, the food and nutrition policy objectives will:
- Ensure the availability and accessibility of adequate food to all Ethiopians at all times.
- Improve accessibility, and quality of nutrition and nutrition smart health services at all stages of the life span in an equitable manner. Food and Nutrition Policy 6 We shall strive to create food and nutrition self-reliant Ethiopia
- Improve consumption and utilization of a diversified and nutritious diet that ensures a citizen’s optimal health throughout their life cycle.
- Improve the safety and quality of food throughout the value chain.
- Reduce food and nutrient losses along the value chain.
- Improve food and nutrition emergency risk management, preparedness and resilience systems.
- Improve food and nutrition literacy of all Ethiopians.
Hence, with the objective of ensuring the optimal nutritional status of the population along the life cycle, the team works on the following initiatives
- Optimal nutrition through the first 1000 days plus
- Emergency Nutrition Response and Management of Acute malnutrition
- Comprehensive community and facility-based nutrition intervention
- Strengthening National Food fortification initiative
- Multi-sectoral Nutrition Coordination and Linkage
Multisectoral Nutrition Coordination
To ensure the multi-sectoral coordination for nutrition, the National Nutrition Coordinating Body (NNCB) and National Nutrition Technical Committee (NNTC) were established to efficiently coordinate multi-sectoral and lead the implementation of National Nutrition Program (NNP) in all NNP implementing sectors.
Aim: To improve the national nutrition program implementation by creating a multisectoral platform and build the capacity of the coordination structures at different levels.
NNCB: The NNCB is composed of signatory government sectors as well as non-signatory development partners, civil society organizations, academia, and the private sector. And the high nutrition governing body so far. MOH is chair and MOA and MOE are co-chairs.
NNTC: The NNTC operate under the auspices of the NNCB. The committee is responsible for handling the technical work related to the implementation of NNP.
- Ministry of Health
- Ministry of Agriculture
- Ministry of Education
- Ministry of Trade and Industry
- Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs
- Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity
- Ministry of Finance
- Ministry of Women, Children, and youth
- The Disaster Risk Management Coordination Commission
- Ethiopia Food and Drug Authority (EFDA)
- Ethiopia Pharmaceuticals Supply Agency (EPSA)
- Ethiopia public health institute(EPHI)
- Ethiopia institute of agriculture(EIAR)
- Development Partners and donors, UN agencies and CSOs
- Ethiopia Chamber of Commerce
- Academic Representatives (Mekelle and Jimma Universities)
The Nutrition case team lead the overall national nutrition-specific interventions in the country and has been engaged in coordinating the other sector implementation to enhance the nutritional status of the population focusing on the prevention of public health importance nutritional problems, promotion, and advocacy on optimal nutrition through the life cycle approach.
On top of coordinating other nutrition implementing sectors the team is performing the following tasks:
Developmental Nutrition: Promote optimal nutrition to all age groups through the life cycle approach with a special focus on the first 1000 Days of nutrition (conception to the first year of life). Provision of GMP service, VAS, IFA, and Weekly Iron Folic Acid Supplementations, etc has been implementing.
Emergency nutrition response and management of Acute malnutrition: Ensuring emergency nutrition preparedness and response at all-time whenever there is a crisis, IDP (internal displacement of the population), drought, and famine in the country by coordinating and mobilizing relevant stakeholders to provide acute malnutrition management, IYCF-E counseling, nutrition education, and rehabilitation services.
Multi-sectoral coordination: Through the coordination and collaboration of the relevant sectors to address both nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions, since nutrition is a cross-cutting issue and health intervention alone would not overcome the nutritional problems, the health sector taking the lead, much efforts have been done to coordinate and organize the relevant sectors in order to come together and work for better outcome.
- Decrease stunting prevalence in children aged less than 5 years from 38% to 27% (2024) and 19% (2029)
- Decrease wasting prevalence in children aged less than 5 years from 7% to 5% (2024) and 3%(2029)
- Increase proportion of pregnant women who received iron & folic acid supplements at least 90 plus from 11% to 50% (2024) and 90% (2029)
- Decrease prevalence of anemia in women of childbearing age from 24% to 18% (2024) and 12% (2029)
- Increase exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months from 59% to 90% (2024) and 95% (2029)
National Level policy and program documents:
- Food and Nutrition Policy of Ethiopia
- National Food and Nutrition Strategy
- Food and Nutrition Council and Agency establishment Proclamation
- Sequoia declaration road map and innovative phase plan
Guidelines and Training manuals:
- Adolescent, Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition Guideline
- Guidelines for The Prevention and Control of Micronutrient Deficiencies in Ethiopia
- Acute Malnutrition Management Guideline
- National Nutrition Program Multi-sectoral Implementation Guide,
- Blended Integrated Nutrition Learning Module (BINLM)
- IYCF/NSA materials (job aids, training materials, ADA/HAD materials for SBCC
- Pastoralist and agro-pastoralist CINS guidelines and packages
- Nutrition leadership facilitators guide and participants manual
- Acute malnutrition management training manuals
- The National Nutrition Program(2016-2020) Progress Analysis: Evidence for the upcoming Food and Nutrition Strategy Development